Get Educated On Some of The History of Power Steering

November 16th, 2017 by

If you own a car, you have probably at least heard of the powering steering and how important it is. What you might not know, however, is the history of the power steering, how it works, and why you need it.

Initial Steering Systems

Before power steering was invented, the single act of steering your car’s wheel was not as efficient. You had to physically turn your wheel to make even the smallest of turns. Depending on who you ask, there are a couple different people credited with inventing the power steering system. A man named Fitts is said to have first applied power steering to an antique car in 1876. However, it was not until the year 1900 that it was officially patented. Robert E. Twiford is said to have submitted an all-wheel-drive system that included the power steering feature. Francis Davis is then credited with fitting the power steering into an actual moving vehicle sometime in the 1920’s.

First Commercial Use of Power Steering

Despite stories of power steering being introduced and used many years earlier, it was not until Chrysler begun implementing them into their vehicles in 1951 that it was commercially used. They first put them into the Chrysler Imperial, and it was known as the Hydraguide system.

The Second World War and Power Steering

Even after commercializing the power steering feature began, it did not immediately take off. Instead, it was not until the Second World War that power steering was commonly used. Power steering was an important part of controlling heavy machines that were used during the war. Following the completion of the war, manufacturer power steering in the majority of their vehicles began, thus encouraging it to finally rise in popularity. Most car manufacturers began to follow suit, and power steering became an expectation in every new vehicle off the line.

Benefits of Power Steering

Power steering has become not only an expected car feature but a crucial part of your daily drive. It is an important feature for both driving and parking. Today, a power steering system can be powered with a torque sensor, engine pump, high-pressure fluid valves, or actuators. There are also electric power steering sensors that are used in electric cars. Power steering is used to help the driver control the vehicle, especially larger cars like trucks or sports utility vehicles. They give a necessary push, without also affecting the overall handling of the car.

Power Steering Problems

Although people once operated cars without power steering, doing so today can be dangerous. Drivers are not used to manually operating their cars, and when the power steering goes out, it can be difficult to maneuver. Power steering problems can occur from a fluid loss, a loss of power to the steering actuator, or a hydraulic pump failure. Either way, it is important to have it looked at immediately.

The history of power steering is actually quite interesting. What was once an undervalued feature is now standard in every new car.

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